AT CENTRE’S LEVEL
At the Central level, the Director General Civil Defence in the Ministry of Home Affairs deals with the matters concerning the raising, training and equipping of the Home Guards in the country. A Deputy Director General, an Assistant Director General, a Senior Staff Officer and a Junior Staff Officer, together with other secretarial staff, assist him.
AT STATE/UT LEVEL
At the State level, the general supervision and control of the Home Guards vests in the Commandant General, who is either in the rank of DGP/IGP or a senior DIG of Police. The control of Home Guards at the Divisional level is vested in a Divisional Commandant who is equivalent in rank to a Superintendent of Police or an army Major. A District Commandant who is equivalent in rank either to a Dy.S.P or a Captain commands Home Guards in a district.
TYPES OF HOME GUARDS
There are basically two wings of the Home Guards viz., Rural/Urban Wing and Border Wing Home Guards.
URBAN/RURAL HOME GUARDS
The basic scale for working the authorization at the time of inception of Home Guards organization was as under:-
(a) 1 Company (110 men) for 25,000 population (Urban).
(b) 1 Company (110 men) for every Community Development Block (Rural).
A Company is split into three Platoons each of which consists of three sections. All the volunteers are expected to receive training in spare time and place their services at the disposal of the community whenever “called out” on duty.
All ranks up to Company level are generally volunteers. Above Company level a nucleus of full time paid staff for training, command and control is authorized at city, district and State level. However, even at higher levels where suitable volunteers are available these posts are filled by them. Biennial Conference of CGsHGs & DCDs of all the States/UTs are held by DGCD to review and monitor the functioning of the twin voluntary organizations of Home Guards and Civil Defence in the country.
BORDER WING HOME GUARDS
Border Wing Home Guards battalions have been raised in the border districts of Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Assam, West Bengal, Meghalaya and Tripura. There are six battalions in Punjab, four each in Rajasthan and Gujarat and one each in the Eastern States mentioned above.
These battalions are better organized, trained and equipped than Rural/Urban Home Guards and are fully armed. They are detailed with BSF/Army for operations. The Border Wing Home Guards have been assigned the following additional roles besides the one assigned to Urban/Rural Home Guards:-
(a) To assist in providing, both during normal times and periods of tension on the border, local security to border villages and thereby boosting the morale of the inhabitants to stick to their lands and to pose as a deterrent against pilferage from across the border.
(b) To protect the lines of communication in times of emergency and to assist the local administration in tackling problems of National security in the border areas.
(c) To provide sub-units as auxiliaries to the BSF in defence of the border including patrolling along with border and in fighting infiltrators.